This report offers a conceptual framework and research strategies to improve the ability to assess cumulative stressors to marine mammal populations and identify which combination of stressors to reduce to bring the population or ecosystem into a more favorable state. The annual report is the second report in this series.
Steering Committee on Workshop on Key National Education Indicators | The National Academies Press
It also introduces four initiatives that characterize the program's main areas of interest. These initiatives will guide the development of a portfolio of grants, fellowships, and other activities with cumulative and lasting impact. The workshop was intended to collect experienced views on how to characterize and communicate information about climate-related hazards, risks, and opportunities that will support decision makers in their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce vulnerability to likely changes in climate, and increase resilience to those changes.
Developing the capability to forecast environmental conditions and disruptive events several weeks and months in advance could dramatically increase the value and benefit of environmental predictions, saving lives, protecting property, increasing economic vitality, protecting the environment, and informing policy choices. Over the past decade, the ability to forecast weather and climate conditions on subseasonal to seasonal S2S timescales, i. Review of the U. The Strategic Plan sets out a research program guiding thirteen federal agencies in accord with the Global Change Research Act of There are significant challenges to estimating a dollar value that reflects all the physical, human, ecological, and economic impacts of climate change.
Recognizing that the models and scientific data underlying the SCC estimates evolve and improve over time, the federal government made a commitment to provide regular updates to the estimates. This interim report focuses on near-term updates to the SCC estimates. The Network includes 22 regional cooperatives tasked to build partnerships that facilitate collaborations across jurisdictional boundaries, develop shared priorities and common science needs, and create conservation strategies that Landscape Conservation Cooperative partners jointly implement.
Measures of radio frequency emissions from natural phenomena enable both practical applications, such as weather predictions and studies of the changing of Earth's climate here at home, and reveal the physical properties of cosmic sources. The spectrum is therefore a resource to be used wisely now and to be protected for future generations. This report describes the radio frequency bands used by scientific services and includes relevant regulatory information and discussion of scientific use of frequency bands, guiding spectrum managers and spectrum regulatory bodies on science issues and serve as a resource to scientists and other spectrum users.
Enhancing Participation in the U.
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The USGCRP has increasingly focused on research that can inform decisions to cope with current climate variability and change, to reduce the magnitude of future changes, and to prepare for changes projected over coming decades. This report provides a rationale for evaluating current program membership and capabilities and identifying potential new agencies and departments in the hopes that these changes will enable the program to more effectively inform the public and prepare for the future.
The purpose of the session was to assess what indicators and metrics have been found to be the most useful for promoting sustainability as well as identify knowledge gaps related to developing indicators that integrate across the ecological, social, and economic sciences. This Meeting in Brief synthesizes the discussions held during the event.
A Strategy for Active Remote Sensing Amid Increased Demand for Radio Spectrum Active remote sensing is the principal tool used to study and to predict short- and long-term changes in the environment of Earth--the atmosphere, the oceans and the land surfaces--as well as the near space environment of Earth.
All of these measurements are essential to understanding terrestrial weather, climate change, space weather hazards, and threats from asteroids. This report describes the threats, both current and future, to the effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum required for active remote sensing and offers specific recommendations for protecting and making effective use of the spectrum required for active remote sensing.
This report studies the pricing of negatively elevated structures in the National Flood Insurance Program NFIP reviews current NFIP methods for calculating risk-based premiums for these structures, including risk analysis, flood maps, and engineering data. The report then evaluates alternative approaches for calculating risk-based premiums and discusses engineering hydrologic and property assessment data needs to implement full risk-based premiums.
This report examines standards for PCR assays appropriate for the BioWatch program, providing recommendations on general principles for a performance standard and validation framework to meet BioWatch's mission.
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One of the recommendations from the report stated that government entities at federal, state, and local levels and professional organizations should partner to help develop a framework for communities to adapt to their circumstances and begin to track their progress toward increasing resilience.
This report is a summary of the discussions held at the one-day workshop. To arrive at a decision whose benefits outweigh its risks, decision makers must carefully consider a broad range of effects and interactions across the health, environmental, social, and economic domains. To aid in this complex analytical process, the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council convened an expert committee to develop a framework to assist in food and agriculture decision making.
This report presents guiding principles and practical steps to help stakeholders weigh tradeoffs and choose policies that integrate benefits and risks across various domains. These existing assessment frameworks reflect a range of different priorities, whether the focus is on protecting workers, the environment, the end users of products, or other interests. This report builds on those frameworks to develop a more universally-applicable decision framework for evaluating potentially safer chemical alternatives. Rethinking the Components, Coordination, and Management of the U. The agency requires substantial high-quality inhouse scientific expertise and laboratory capabilities so that it can answer questions related to regulation, enforcement, and environmental effects of specific chemicals, activities, and processes.
This report assesses EPA's highest-priority needs for mission-relevant laboratory science and technical support, develops principles for the efficient and effective management of EPA's laboratory enterprise to meet the agency's mission needs and strategic goals, and develops guidance for enhancing efficiency and effectiveness now and during the next 10 years. The findings and recommendations of this report will help EPA to develop an implementation plan for the laboratory enterprise.
It addresses the following questions: Are the goals and objectives clear and appropriate? Are there any content areas missing from the draft that should be present if AGS is to achieve its overall vision and mission? Are there adequate mechanisms for coordinating and integrating issues that involve multiple disciplines and multiple divisions within NSF and other agencies within the atmospheric and geospace sciences enterprise?
Climate Change Education: Preparing Future and Current Business Leaders: A Workshop Summary Climate change poses challenges as well as opportunities for businesses and, broadly speaking for the entire economy.
Steering Committee on Workshop on Key National Education Indicators
Businesses will be challenged to provide services or products with less harmful influence on the climate; respond to a changing policy, regulatory, and market environment; and provide new services and products to help address the challenges of a changing climate. The workshop focused on major gaps in understanding of climate and sustainability education in postsecondary professional schools of business.
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Enhancing the Value and Sustainability of Field Stations and Marine Laboratories in the 21st Century Amid rapid environmental change, a strong understanding of the natural world is more important than ever. Field stations and marine laboratories place scientists on the front lines of our changing Earth, helping them gather the data needed to better understand shifting climate and ecosystems and make robust projections of future conditions.
Field stations are a critical component of our scientific infrastructure that bring the basic tools of science into the field and connect scientists, educators, and communities to the environment. But to fulfill their vital role, field stations must evolve. This report explores strategies to harness the power and potential of field stations to address complex challenges in science and society.
However, institutions face a lack of guidance on how to establish effective programs, what challenges they are likely to encounter, and what strategies other organizations have used to address the issues that arise. This advice is needed to harness the excitement generated by the concept of convergence and channel it into the policies, structures, and networks that will enable it to realize its goals.
This report investigates examples of organizations that have established mechanisms to support convergent research.
Presenters and participants discussed the role of health in measuring a country's wealth going beyond gross domestic product , health scenario communication, and international health goals and indicators. This report examines frameworks for global development goals and connections to health indicators, the role for health in the context of novel sustainable economic frameworks that go beyond gross domestic product, and scenarios to project climate change impacts. Advancing Land Change Modeling: Opportunities and Research Requirements Urban development, agriculture, and energy production are just a few of the ways that human activities are continually changing and reshaping the Earth's surface.
Land-change models LCMs are important tools for understanding and managing present and future landscape conditions, from an individual parcel of land in a city to the vast expanses of forests around the world. A recent explosion in the number and types of land observations, model approaches, and computational infrastructure has ushered in a new generation of land change models capable of informing decision making at a greater level of detail.
This National Research Council report evaluates the various land-change modeling approaches and their applications, and how they might be improved to better assist science, policy, and decision makers.
Efficiency in education
Regular trusted indicators in other important areas would be just as valuable to policy makers and the public, and development of Key National Indicators System, which will cover education, health, the environment and other key issues, in now underway. The National Academies was asked to explore possibilities for selecting the most important indicators of the state of education. The Committee on Key National Education Indicators held a workshop to review the data that are already available and consider the challenges of selecting a clear and parsimonious set of indicators to represent the complex and disparate U.
The agenda and presentations at the workshop will be added here soon. Skip to Main Content. Subscribe Contact Us. Testing Policy. Innovative Tests.
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