Two barges filled with armed Pinkerton Detectives attempt to land at Homestead to guard Carnegie's steel plant. Striking steel workers prevent the barges from landing. During the hour battle, seven steel workers and three detectives are killed. Alexander Berkman, a labor activist and anarchist, attempts to kill Henry Frick, plant manager at Andrew Carnegie's Homestead steel plant. Despite being stabbed several times in the neck and torso, Frick survives—and refuses to seek medical treatment until the end of his normal workday. Democrat Grover Cleveland is elected President of the United States, returning to a second term in the White House after a four-year hiatus.
He receives 5,, popular votes; Republican Benjamin Harrison receives 5,,; Populist James Weaver receives 1,, Workers employed at the Pullman Company, outside of Chicago, go on strike when the company's owner, George Pullman, refuses to reduce rents in the company housing to match announced wage cuts. The American Railway Union, led by Eugene Debs , instructs it members not to handle Pullman cars in support of the striking workers at Pullman's factory. President Grover Cleveland sends federal troops to Pullman to enforce a court order prohibiting American Railway Union leadership from encouraging striking workers.
Rioting in several cities will lead to the deployment of more than 14, state and federal troops. With American Railway Union president Eugene Debs arrested for violating the court order, and thousands of troops protecting railroads from striker interference, the Pullman strike ends in defeat for the workers and the union. The Party Platform calls for the free and unlimited coinage of silver at ratio of 16 to 1.
Politics and Antitrust: Lessons from the Gilded Age
The Populist Party, meeting at St. Louis, nominates Democratic presidential nominee William Jennings Bryan as its candidate for the presidency, primarily because of his support for the free coinage of silver.
Republican William McKinley is elected president of the United States, receiving 7,, popular votes. Democrat and Populist candidate William Jennings Bryan receives 6,, votes. Theodore Roosevelt resigns as Assistant Secretary of the Navy in order to form a volunteer cavalry regiment to fight in Cuba after the United States declares war against Spain. United States Steel, J. Morgan's holding company, which includes the recently acquired Carnegie Steel, is chartered by the state of New Jersey.
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- The trial of the assassin Guiteau; psychiatry and law in the gilded age.
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SparkNotes: The Gilded Age & the Progressive Era (–): Brief Overview
USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Temporarily Out of Stock Online Please check back later for updated availability. Overview In this brilliant study, Charles Rosenberg uses the celebrated trial of Charles Guiteau, who assassinated President Garfield in , to explore insanity and criminal responsibility in the Gilded Age. Rosenberg masterfully reconstructs the courtroom battle waged by twenty-four expert witnesses who represented the two major schools of psychiatric thought of the generation immediately preceding Freud.
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